How to Write Major and Minor Scales, Basic Theory #5


How to write scales? Major, Minor Natural, Harmonic, Melodic? This video writes out the different scales that could be asked in a written exam. Listen to Mozart for the Mind with added flashcards at the end of the video to enhance memory.

What is a major scale?  Each scale for this exam is known as a diatonic scale.  This means that there are no repeated notes, no skipped notes and follow each other with a different letter (tone).  There are 7 tones.  A major scale sounds happy.

There are three minor scales, Natural, Minor and Harmonic.

The Natural minor follow only the key signature.  There are no raised notes.

A Harmonic minor scale means that the 7th note is raised.  The 7th note is important as it is also known as the Harmonic note…it naturally progresses to the Upper Tonic to create closure.  It also is known as the Leading tone.  That’s because it leads to the upper tonic.

A Melodic minor means that there will be a MELODY change.  On the ascend the 6th and 7th notes are raised…BUT on the descend the scale is played as the Natural minor, meaning follow ONLY the key signature.